Know Your Skin Layers, Types, Daily Routine & More

Skin is one of the longest and visible organs of a human body and is responsible for your beautiful looks.

Health expert believes that the collagen molecules found in the skin surface are responsible for your healthy skin.

However, unhealthy skin or skin aging can be due to reduced collagen levels.

Beautiful Skin

Skin always regenerates itself by shedding the dead cells and generating new cells.

This skin property keeps it looking healthy and young. It continually keeps changing for becoming better or worse.

According to Dermatologists, a human skin is made from different proteins, lipids, chemicals, and water.

The most important job of the skin is to protect the body from infections and germs.

In fact, the skin regenerates itself every 27 days. This is why elders advise us to wash the skin properly while taking a shower daily.

Let’s take a brief look on the skin and for that, let’s understand the layers of the skin.

Layers of Skin

There are different medical terms for the various layer of skin. Let’s have a look at those layers and their importance:

Stratum Corneum: The Outermost Layer Of Dead Skin Cells

Stratum corneum is the outermost layer of the dead skin that persists on the epidermis.

A gentle regular scrubbing will remove or thin away this layer revealing the healthier skin beneath.

Epidermis: Outer Layer Of The Skin

The epidermis is the thinnest layer of the skin.

Still, this is a layer which is solely responsible for protecting the skin from the environmental effects.

The epidermis has four layers of its own:

  • Firstly, Stratum germinativum
  • Secondly, Stratum spinosum
  • Thirdly, Stratum granulosum
  • Fourthly, Stratum lucidum

Epidermis also hosts various cells like Keratinocytes, Melanocytes, and Langerhans cells.

Keratinocytes are responsible for producing the protein known as keratin, the main component of the epidermis.

Melanocytes produce your skin pigment, known as melanin. Langerhans cells prevent foreign substances from getting into your skin.

Dermis: The Middle Layer of The Skin

This skin layer is where the wrinkling takes place.

The dermis is a complex combination of blood vessels, hair follicles, and oil (sebaceous) glands.

This is the layer where you find collagen and elastin the two most essential proteins for your skin’s health.

Fibroblasts are also the cells that you will find at this layer of the skin. The dermis is the layer that contains nerves that sense pain, touch and temperature.

Subcutis: The Skin’s Fatty Layer

Thinning or tissue reduction at subcutis or this skin’s fatty layer are responsible for causing wrinkles.

This layer is comprised of sweat glands, fat and collagen cells.

The subcutis is the layer that conserves your body’s heat and protects your organs from the unhealthy environmental climates.

Skin Structure

While we spoke about collagen proteins or molecules, let’s know more about collagen and its effects on the skin.

Collagen And Your Skin

Collagen is one protein that is found in abundance in the dermis layer.

It forms up to 75% of the total organ. Collagen is one protein that keeps the wrinkles at bay.

This collagen helps to maintain the youthfulness of your skin.

With the age and the environmental factors make the collagen production lesser, resulting in fine lines and wrinkles.

Collagen levels in the body can be increased by taking collagen drinks or using creams that are rich in collagen.

But what about skin’s elasticity? Let’s see who’s responsible for your skin elasticity.

Elastin And Your Skin

Elastin resembles an elastic. Yes, whenever we think of this word elastin, we think elasticity.

The protein is again found in the dermis layer. It is responsible for giving intactness and firmness with that springy bounce to your skin.

With age, even the levels and production of elastin gets affected causing sagging and hanging skin.

Further, let me talk about a protein that is regarded as one of the essential proteins for skin health.

So let’s take a look on the below section.

Keratin And Your Skin

Keratin is one of the toughest and strongest proteins in your skin.

It gives rigidity to your skin. This protein can also be found in your nails and hair.

It is one of the important proteins regarding the health of your skin and hair.


But do you know your skin type? Don’t worry, we will help you out with this too.

Know Your Skin Type

To begin with, skincare depends on your skin type if its normal, dry, oily or a combination-type skin.

It is essential that you buy products which are suitable for your skin. If you purchase products that are not meant for your skin type, they will be incredibly useless. You should also pay attention to specific issues that your skin has.

So let’s take a look on various skin types and understand them closely.

Dry Skin

If your skin feels stretched and is obviously flaky in some areas; this means you have dry skin.

It could be due to a lack of hydration or undernourishment. Dry skin can look rough and uneven.

You can use a deep moisturizer, a spot treatment, and moisturizing night solution.

Normal Skin

Normal skin is even and firms to the touch. It may not get too dry or too oily, and it only has rare blemishes.

People with normal skin must moisturize, cleanse, use a spot treatment, and at times a night solution.

Oily Skin

Oily skin is easy to recognize. If your face is evidently shiny, feels a little greasy to the touch then you have oily skin.

On oily skin, large pores are more clear and prone to blemishes.

You should tone, exfoliate, use a spot treatment, and lightly moisturize your skin once in a while.

Sensitive Skin

If you have reactions to certain cosmetics or irritated skin after a change in weather; this means you have sensitive skin.

Sensitive skin is difficult to maintain because it isn’t as tough as other skin types.

You should carefully test skin products before purchasing them.

You may use a moisturizer, cleanser, and spot treatment all suitable for sensitive skin.

Combination Skin

Combination skin gets a taste of just about every skin type.

You tend to get oily in the region of your nose, chin, and forehead and dry around your cheeks.

A lot of people have combination skin hence you can exfoliate, cleanse, moisturize, and use a spot treatment.

Skin Types

Thanks for reading our article on skincare and as a bonus, we provide you a healthy skin care routine.

The best part of this skin routine is, you can use it daily.

Daily Skin Care Routine

To begin your beauty care, you need to buy a moisturizer, toner, cleanser, defoliant, face mask and some cotton.

Prefer buying gentle cleansing products which will remove excess oil and give healthy skin without the use of harsh chemicals.

If your skin feels tight or dry after cleansing, then your facial wash is too harsh for your skin. And for that, you need to buy a gentle one.

If not products, we can help you with the below steps that can help keep your skin nourished.

However, be aware of the skin products in the market that says natural but causes skin irritation.

  1. Moisturize and clean your skin twice daily. Before you put on makeup, and at night before you go to bed. This will enhance skin while it heals and breathes overnight rather than being clogged.
  2. Always wash your hands before washing your face. Apply the cleanser and massage it into your skin in upwards. Some products will work finest if you leave it for a minute or allow it to dissolve dirt and makeup. At this time gently rub the cleanser in.
  3. Damp cotton pads gently wiping until the cleanser is removed. Any cleanser if left on your face may cause irritation and imperfections. Complete this activity by rinsing your skin with cold water to close up the pores. It will also leave you looking fresher.
  4. Dry your face gently by dabbing it with a clean towel or paper towels.
  5. Apply a small amount of toner to a cotton pad and simply wipe over your entire face. Do not rinse the toner off. For people with dry skin, when the toner is dried, apply moisturizer, gently massaging into your face and neck.

Try exfoliation twice a week as it can it remove dead skin cell.

How To Maintain A Healthy Skin?

In the end, we ask you to keep your skin health nourished and wholesome.

We urge you to limit your unhealthy eating habits, patterns, and other toxin usages. Such things can deteriorate your skin and invites premature skin aging.

Eat healthy food, exercise daily and applying natural components to the skin can help in maintaining a healthy skin. Pamper your skin with healthy and safe skin care products that keep collagen levels in control.

I know it’s not easy to maintain a healthy skin but taking a good care can keep the skin nourished.

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About Michelle 61 Articles
Michelle is the senior most expert who writes for this website. After completing her graduation and 10+ years of practice, Michelle has been involved and known for a lot of her philanthropy work. Michelle loves spending time researching and writing her papers. She occasionally writes for us and we are extremely proud to have her as one of our editors. Follow me on Linkedin

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